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Urban Refugees Webinar Series - Webinar on Livelihoods

Facilitated by the Urban Refugee Task Team

THE URBAN REFUGEE TASK TEAM, a network of urban practitioners drawing upon the comparative advantages of NGOs and UNHCR to strengthen engagement and collaboration in urban settings, invites you to join the launch of a series of urban webinars on Friday 9 May at 3:30 pm (CET)

aimed to promote good practices and learning in urban programming.

The Women’s Refugee Commission will present on urban refugee livelihoods programming, sharing learning and a proposed approach based on field assessments undertaken in:

  • Zarqa, Jordan
  • Nairobi, Kenya
  • Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Kampala, Uganda
  • Panama City, Panama
  • Delhi, India
  • Cairo, Egypt

The assessments examined local markets, refugee skill sets and potential opportunities, focused on those addressing the economic needs of refugee women and refugee youth. The webinar will also cover findings, shortcomings, opportunities and good practice examples such as the Graduation Approach adapted by UNHCR.

      urtt_webinarpromo_2.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 741 KB

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Enhancing the Economic Resilience of Displaced Iraqis and Poor Jordanians

Economic Assessment: Opportunities and Constraints for Vulnerable Women and Youth in Zarqa, Jordan

This assessment finds that home-based enterprises are the most practical economic opportunities available to Iraqi and Jordanian women because of cultural restrictions on mobility, lack of the right to work for Iraqi refugees, and women’s preference to stay close to home. These opportunities, while viable, are currently limited due to a lack of resources for start up, limited knowledge about marketing and branding, and restricted market access.

      zarqa_economic_assessment_full_report.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 1.08 MB

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Urban Preparedness: Lessons from the Katmandu Valley

This study aims to enhance humanitarian organizations' understanding of the particular challenges and opportunities of urban preparedness. More specifically, the study focuses on identifying key learning points on community engagement and local and national action in a complex urban disaster management system.

      brc_urban_preparedness_final_report_april_2014.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 2.38 MB

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Accessing Services in the City

Urban Refugee Host Relations in Cameroon, Indonesia, and Pakistan

This report considers how relationships between urban refugees and more established local communities affect refugee access to key services and resources. The study explores the conditions under which refugee-host relations may either promote or inhibit refugee access to local services and other resources. It also considers how positive impacts of these evolving relationships may be nurtured and developed to improve humanitarian outcomes for refugees.

      cws_accessing_services_in_the_city_final_2013.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 5.20 MB

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Syrian Refugees Living Outside Camps in Jordan

A joint UNHCR and International Relief and Development survey has found increasingly difficult conditions among the hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees in Jordan living outside camps. Fifty per cent of refugee dwellings are inadequate and hundreds of thousands struggle to pay their rent, according to the findings.

The study was based on 92,000 interviews with families conducted during home visits between June 2012 and October 2013. It shows the difficulties that refugees face outside camps, despite the support that Jordan offers to them, including free access to the public health care and education systems. Almost four-in-every-five Syrian refugees in Jordan live outside formal camps. 

For more information, see the report at : http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=107

http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=107

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Meeting Humanitarian Challenges in Urban Areas

Review of Urban Humanitarian Challenges in Port -au-prince, Manila, Nairobi, Eldoret

This IASC Report reviews the tools, practices, capacities and methodologies employed by humanitarian agencies in responding to humanitarian crises and emergencies, with case studies in Port-au-Prince, Manila, Nairobi, and Eldoret. 

      publication_case_studies_final.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 1.10 MB

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Beyond Emergency Assistance: Syrian Refugees in Jordan and Northern Iraq

This field report focuses on the current situation of Syrian refugees in Jordan and Northern Iraq and recognizes a new and longer-term approach is required to care for their needs. Specifically, Refugees International suggests humanitarian approachs give more attention to the situation of refugees living outside of camps, provide greater support to the communities most directly affected by the refugees’ presence, and entail more extensive engagement by development organizations.

      refugees_international_syria_report.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 164 KB

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The Moved and the Shaken: How Forced Relocation Affects the Lives of Urban Refugee Women and Girls

Heshima Kenya is a NGO based in Nairobi, Kenya that works to identify, protect, and empower unaccompanied and separated refugee childrena dn youth, especially adolescent girls and young women from Somalia, DR, Congo, Ethiopia, and Sudan.

In response to the urban refugee directive issued in 2012, and knowing that the consequences of such a directive would be dire for the vulnerable refugee women and girls Heshima Kenya serves, Heshima Kenya's advocacy team conducted formal research highlighting the lived experiences of more than 50 female refugees and asylum seekers.

This report conveys the many ways that refugees need to be protected and empowered, instead of persecuted and coerced. The report sets forth the myriad of issues refugee women and girls currently face in Kenya, while also conveying their plights and concerns. 

      movedandshaken_2013_1.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 447 KB

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Refugee Integration and the Use of Indicators: Evidence from Central Europe

This report is part of the “Refugee Integration: Capacity and Evaluation” project, co-funded by the European Union through the European Refugee Fund - Community Actions 2011 and UNHCR. The project was carried out in Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia as part of a greater effort to improve the quality and effectiveness of refugee integration.

To this end, the project has piloted an online Integration Evaluation Tool (IET), which identified gaps and good practices in integration programmes. Through this project UNHCR intended to provide measurements of the different steps in integration policy development and support policy actors who want to see whether or not certain policies stimulate societal change.

This report analyses the IET data on access to education, employment and lifelong learning, housing, and family reunification for beneficiaries of international protection in the four project countries.

      refugee_integration_evaluation_tool.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 652 KB

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Resource Bibliography

Asia-Pacific Emergency Management (APEM) Platform Forum on Urban Humanitarian Response

This bibliography lists numerous resources that address a wide range of challenges and issues that arise in humanitarian emergency response operations in an urban context.

      bibliography_apem_forum_kl_final_2.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 102 KB

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Hidden and in Need: Urban Displacement in Southern Mali

The following report assesses the status of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in southern Mali and concludes current humanitarian aid fails to consider IDPs medium-term needs or to address basic protection gaps. The report offers various policy recommendations to address the problem.

      hidden_and_in_need_mali.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 171 KB

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Asia-Pacific Emergency Management (APEM) Platform Forum on Urban Humanitarian Response

Bibliography

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Blind Alleys Part IV: A Tri-Country Comparative Analysis - Mexico, South Africa, and Uganda

The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa

In this guide, ORAM offers key recommendations relevant to narrowing the protection gaps plaguing urban LGBTI refugees. This report outlines recommendations based on our findings in the disparate protection environments of Uganda, South Africa and Mexico, as well as on ORAM’s extensive work with this population in other locations. 

http://www.urbangoodpractices.org/evaluations/view/Blind_Alleys_Part_IV_A_Tri_Country_Comparative_Analysis_Mexico_South_Africa_and_Uganda/58

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Blind Alleys Part III: Country Findings, Uganda

The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa

In this guide, ORAM offers key recommendations relevant to narrowing the protection gaps plaguing urban LGBTI  refugees. This report outlines recommendations based on our findings in the disparate protection environments of Uganda, South Africa and Mexico, as well as on ORAM’s extensive work with this population in other locations. 

http://www.urbangoodpractices.org/evaluations/view/Blind_Alleys_Part_III_Country_Findings_Uganda/57

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PART II: Country Findings, Mexico

The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa

In this guide, ORAM offers key recommendations relevant to narrowing the protection gaps plaguing urban LGBTI  refugees. This report outlines recommendations based on our findings in the disparate protection environments of Uganda, South Africa and Mexico, as well as on ORAM’s extensive work with this population in other locations. 

http://www.urbangoodpractices.org/evaluations/view/PART_II_Country_Findings_Mexico/56

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Blind Alleys Part II: Country Findings, South Africa

The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa

In this guide, ORAM offers key recommendations relevant to narrowing the protection gaps plaguing urban LGBTI  refugees. This report outlines recommendations based on our findings in the disparate protectionenvironments of Uganda, South Africa and Mexico, as well as on ORAM’s extensive work with this population in other locations. 

http://www.urbangoodpractices.org/evaluations/view/Blind_Alleys_Part_II_Country_Findings_South_Africa/55

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Blind Alleys Part I: Guidance for NGOs, Governments, UNHCR & Program Funders

The Unseen Struggles of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Urban Refugees in Mexico, Uganda and South Africa

In this guide, ORAM offers key recommendations relevant to narrowing the protection gaps plaguing urban LGBTI  refugees. This report outlines recommendations based on our findings in the disparate protectionenvironments of Uganda, South Africa and Mexico, as well as on ORAM’s extensive work with this population in other locations. 

http://www.urbangoodpractices.org/evaluations/view/Blind_Alleys_Part_I_Guidance_for_NGOs_Governments_UNHCR_Program_Funders/54

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UN HABITAT Urban Snapshot Series Syria

The Urban Snapshot series examines critical urban issues relevant to the Syria crisis and explores response options and approaches (June 2013).

      syria_urban_snapshot_unhabitat_june2013_1.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 375 KB

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Researching Refugee Dynamics, Southern Populations and Migration Dynamics in Post-revolution Libya

A Social and Economic Assessment of Urban Refugees in Three Libyan Cities

The purpose of this study is to identify the demographic, social and economic profiles of urban refugees in three Libyan cities, as well as their coping mechanisms, needs and risks, and to assess changes in these dynamics since the revolution, in order to identify ways for the UNHCR and Libyan government to better support the refugee population in Libya.

      a_social_and_economic_assesment_of_urban_refugees_in_three_libyan_cities.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 2.79 MB

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City Limits: Urbanisation and Vulnerability in Sudan

Synthesis Report

Sudan is urbanising rapidly. Although the trend is not new (and is consistent with a trend towards greater urbanisation across Sub-Saharan Africa), the pace in Sudan appears to be accelerating. For a country of its size Sudan has relatively few cities, which means that the population drift from rural areas is focused on a small number of urban centres. The Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) at the Overseas Develop- ment Institute (ODI) has been commissioned by the Department for International Development (DFID) to carry out a study on urbanisation in Sudan.

      city_limits_synthesis_report.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 543 KB

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City Limits: Urbanisation and Vulnerability in Sudan

Khartoum Case Study

This case study of urbanisation in Khartoum is part of a wider study on urbanisation in Sudan, commissioned by the Department for International Development (DFID). The study aims to explore the growing phenomenon of urbanisation in the country, focusing in particular on Nyala, Khartoum, Port Sudan and Juba.

      city_limits_khartoum.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 916 KB

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City Limits: Urbanisation and Vulnerability in Sudan

Juba Case Study

This case study of urbanisation in Juba is part of a wider study on urbanisation in Sudan and Southern Sudan, commissioned by the Department for International Development (DFID). The study aims to explore the growing phenomenon of urbanisation in the country, focusing in particular on Nyala, Khartoum, Port Sudan and Juba.

      city_limits.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 1.07 MB

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New Approaches to Urban Refugee Livelihoods

Based on assessments undertaken in 2010 and 2011 in Kampala, New Delhi and Johannesburg, research findings indicate that refugees in urban areas adopt a variety of economic coping strategies, many of which place them at risk, and that new approaches and different partnerships are needed for the design and implementation of economic programs. This paper presents findings from the assessments and lays out strategies to address the challenges confronting urban refugees’ ability to enter and compete in the labor market.

Refuge, Vol.28 No.2 (2011), Dale Buscher

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Young and Restless: Harnessing the Economic Resilience of Displaced Youth in Nairobi

The Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) conducted a one-year study on safe pathways to economic resilience for displaced, urban young women and men, ages 15 to 24. Information gathered from desk research, field assessments and in consultation with displaced youth will build evidence to influence policy and practice targeting youths’ learning and earning needs.

This report focuses on key findings from a May 2012 field assessment in Nairobi, conducted in partnership with the International Rescue Committee’s (IRC’s) Kenya country office. The aim of the field assessment was to: identify those factors that increase the economic resilience of urban displaced youth; determine which existing services increase the economic resilience of urban displaced youth.

      nairobi_youth_report_2.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 1.02 MB

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No place to go but up: Urban Refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa

As part of a year-long study on urban refugee livelihoods, the Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) undertook a field assessment trip to Johannesburg in March/April 2011. The assessment focused on refugees’ economic coping strategies, associated protection risks and potential market opportunities. This study focused on four urban communities: Somalis and Congolese in the inner city and Zimbabwean and South Africans in Alexander township. In addition, primary data from the University of the Witwatersrand formed part of this research.

      no_place_to_go_but_up_urban_refugees_in_johannesburg.pdf      Doc: Pdf      Size: 628 KB

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